Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Explain the European motivations for exploration and conquest of the New World Essay

The discovery of the New solid ground happened to coincide with the spread of European causation and culture around the known world. This spread was the result of confused developments that had occurred, particularly the following the explosive growth of trade, towns, and modern corporations the ghostlike frenzy generated by the Protestant Reformation and the Catholic Reformation1 as sound as the usual reasons of greed, oppression, racism, and slavery. 2 By the time of the 1400s, these and different forces combined to make Europeans search for new lands to conquer and dissolve, as well as for new people to convert, civilize, or exploit.3 Columbus different voyages to the New World opened the door for more exploration and occlusion of the New World. The first European power to make concerted efforts to explore the New World was Spain, and they had three distinct motives to win over converts to universality to conquer land and, to get rich. 4 Eventually following Spain were England and France, twain of which had similar motives to extend their empires into the New World, as well as cabbage from the establishment of colonies in the New World. Clearly, then, the ultimate goal of exploration and conquest in the New World was to increase power and wealth.2. apologize the ghostlike perse telescopedions in England that pushed the Separatists into Plymouth and the Quakers into Pennsylvania. Explain how Englands fantabulous Revolution also prompted removes in the colonies. The Separatists, also known as the Pilgrims, were forced out of England due to their religious beliefs. They were part of the most uncompromising sect of Puritanswho had severed all ties with the church of England. 5 They tangle that the church service of England was not completely separated from the Catholic Church. Speaking out against the Church of England led to persecutions by tabby mob I and Anglican officials.6 The Separatists then fled to Holland, but while there, felt th at their children were becoming too Dutch and straying from their staunch Puritan beliefs. As a result, they secured a land patent from the Virginia Company and in 1620, sailed to America. 7 The Quakers were the most influential of many radical groups that sprang fromthe English Civil War. 8 They carried further than any early(a) group the doctrine of individual apparitional inspiration and interpretation, which they called the inner light. 9 Doing away with many of the trappings of the Church of England, the Quakers embraced a simple way of life and were extremely pacifist.10 This did not coincide with the ways of the Anglican Church, and thus, they were persecuted a great deal. They chose to leave England and settle in the New World, where they would be able to practice their beliefs without fear of reprisal. premiere establishing the dependance of New Jersey, they soon migrated to the opposite side of the Dela strugglee River and established the colony of Pennsylvania. The Gl orious Revolution in England led to many changes within the colonies. The colonies that had been indifferent into the Dominion of New England momma, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, and New Jersey all reverted to their power governments.11 They were also able to retain their former status, except Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth, whichwere united under a new charter in 1691 as the royal colony of Massachusetts Bay. 12 Another change was the passage of the Bill of Rights and the Toleration Act in England in 1689, both of which limited the powers of the countrys monarchs and affirmed a degree of license of worship for all Christians, thereby influencing attitudes and the course of events in the colonies. 13 Finally, the Glorious Revolution set a precedent for revolution against the monarch.In other words, it laid the groundwork for the American Revolution, which would free the colonies from British rule. 14 5. Explain how and why the British won the french and Indian War. T he French and Indian War was the last of four major wars involving the European powers and their New World colonies. 15 In this particular war, the cause of contention was upper Ohio River valley. Controlled by the French, they became irate when some Virginians moved into the territory to make trade with the Indians easier, as well as to survey land granted to them by King George III.16 Attempts to warn off the French failed, and eventually warfare broke out in the disputed area. From 1754 to 1756, the war raged along the American-Canadian frontier without gaining economic aid in Europe. 17 From 1756 until the war ended, it would be merged with the Seven days War in Europe. 18 The change in status of the French and Indian War coincided with a change within the British government. William Pitt became original Minister of Britain, and under his leadership, the British would defeat the French.Allied with the Indians, who wanted the French out of their territory, the British utilize d their superior naval fleet to cut off French reinforcements and supplies to the New World. 19 The decisive point of the war was the Battle of Quebec in 1759. After two months of attempting to break French defenses, the British were able to find a path that allowed them to get closer to the French camp. In the battle that followed, the British routed the French, thus ending French power in North America. 20

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