Monday, March 4, 2019
Analysis of Albert EllisÃ¢â¬â¢s Life Experiences and Psychological Philosophies Essay
At the age of 12 his p bents divorced (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Sheehy 1997). These twain life-altering events were, in part, what led him to begin focusing his mind on understanding pile (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Sheehy 1997). In junior high Albert Ellis dreamed of becoming a huge novelist (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Sheehy 1997) save by the time he reached college age, he decided it mogul be more practical to become an accountant instead. However, he aforethought(ip) to retire by the age of 30 so that he could hence take up writing at his own leisure (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Sheehy 1997). collectable in part to the Great Depression, his goals changed but he did go on to graduate college in 1934 with a degree in business (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Sheehy 1997). later graduation he and his br some otherwise became entrepreneurs and started their own business. They sold pants purchased from the lap district (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Sheehy 1997). In 1938 a gift and novelty firm industrious him as their person-to-person manager.Some of his debatable articles included The Influence of straight Cultures on the Attitudes of Homosexuals (1951) and Prostitution Re-assessed (1951) both of these articles were written for the International Journal of Sexology (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Ellis 2004). Albert Ellis books were groundbreaking material that opened the door to the sexual revolution of the mid-sixties and the gay and lesbian rights movement in the 1970s (Ellis 1992). These writings were controversial at that time and whitethorn have stigmatized or put a disconfirming label on Albert Ellis.However, these writings as well as references from his friends was how he corpseed his lymph gland base (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Ellis 2004). Most of Albert Ellis early nodes were mortals and couples miserable from sex, heat and marital problems (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 1992, , Ellis 2004). Albert Ellis as wel l grew his private practice through and through forwarding from his talks, workshops, radio, and television presentations which led to referrals from a number of psychologists with whom he had no personal relationship with (Ellis 1997).Besides maintaining a full-time private practice, Albert Ellis also establish the time to become the offset Chairman of the first Committee on Private Practice of the Division of Clinical Psychology of the Ameri potty mental fel belittledship (Ellis 1997). During that time he conducted a learn of the members of the Ameri derriere mental Association (Ellis 1997). This study showed that and 56% of the American Psychological Association members were god in some kind of paid private practice, and hardly 30% devoted 20 or more hours a week (Ellis 1997).Only a few various(prenominal)s including Albert Ellis were in full-time private practices (Ellis 1997). Albert Ellis also worked with Reverend Ilsley Bo genius on a late York District federal hail to legally sell nudist magazines (Ellis 1997)_. _ They lost the New York District Federal court case and immediately start working on a brief for the United States Supreme Court and alternately reversed and New York district Federal Court decision (Ellis 1997). This was a major conquest for nudists across the country (Ellis 1997). Albert Ellis quickly became an Idol for many American nudists (Ellis 1997). philosophic and Psychological Beliefs Albert Ellis experimented with various forms of psychotherapy staying therapies that he believed work break than others and disregarded everything else. Albert Ellis began building his own therapeutic process and started questioning conventional Freudian psychoanalysis. In 1953 Albert Ellis started calling him self a psycho healer instead of the conventional psychoanalyst label (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 1997, 2004). Albert Ellis thought that this change of title would separate him from the guileless psychoanalytic practices (DiGiusep pe 1989 , Ellis 1997, 2004).Albert Ellis had a passion for reading early philosophy e. g. Epictetus and de Spinoza (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 1992). Albert Ellis also read famous works from the clueing psychologist of his time e. g. Alfred Adler and K aren Horney (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 1997, 2004). His study of philosophy and psychology also led him to become interested in understanding the philosophy of happiness. Albert Ellis came to the conclusion that if an soulfulnessistics basic necessitate were met, the individual would be happy. He found that basic needs were hardly part of the equation for personal happiness.Albert Ellis consequently focused on disconfirming thoughts. Albert Ellis thought that if people had a view(prenominal) philosophy of life they would rarely be emotionally disturbed (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 1997, 2004). Albert Ellis formulated a theory that mental issues and emotional issues of the individual were causing the proscribe thoughts or what Alber t Ellis called blind beliefs (Ellis 1997, 2004). perspicacious Emotive behavioural Therapy Basics reasoning(prenominal) Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) is a therapy in which individuals change their perceived believes or so perceived prejudicial events.Albert Ellis acquired several(prenominal) disabilities such as diabetes, tired eyes, deficient hearing, as well as other physical handicaps (Ellis 1997). Albert Ellis used Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) to mortify his veto perceptions of his disabilities. If you really accept it, and stop whining nearly it, you can bending some of its lemons into quite tasty lemonade (Ellis 1997). Albert Ellis used intelligent affective behavioral therapy (REBT), on himself, in 1943 soon after he became a practicing psychologist (Ellis 1997, 2004).Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) is an important and useful therapy still used today. First, an individual must be aware of their infatuated thoughts or explain to the i ndividual that the trend they perceive an event is absurd. Then, the individual must replace the ir demythologised thought with cerebral thought. Finally the individual believes in unconditional self acceptance (USA) (Ellis 1997, 2004). Unconditional self acceptance (USA) is when an individual learns to accept and love their self for who they are rather than what they do.The unconditional self acceptance (USA) is reached when the low frustration allowance (LFT) is raised and ultimately achieves high frustration tolerance (HFT) (Ellis 1997, 2004). The first rudiments of REBT Albert Ellis believed emotional problems that an individual suffers from are the link to a set of paradoxical beliefs held about themselves, others, and the world they live in. These rational beliefs uphold disconfirming self talk in the individuals consciousness. The detrimental self talk puts emphasis on shoulds, oughts, and musts of paradoxical persuasion.Rational emotive behavioral therapy attempts to replace these blind beliefs with new rational thoughts. The process of help the lymph gland change their irrational believes is a two ill-use process. The first step is setting up or choosing for themselves certain happiness producing values, purposes, goals, or i holds and effective, flexible, scientific, logico-empirical sic ways to achieve these values and goals and upload boarding contradictory or self defeating result (Ellis 1997, 2004). Rational beliefs or irrational beliefs shape who we are how we act.Albert Ellis created an ABC imitate to help both the node and the therapist engage and treat unrealistic, immature, and absolutist orders of sentiment into realistic, mature, logical, and a realistic procession to thinking (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 2004). The A in the ABC model refers to the activating an event. spark off events are events that trigger or cause our beliefs and perception. The Activating event could be a real situation that the individual had experie nce are could be inferred event were individual their own meeting contrary to what the situation was (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 2004).In Either case the activating event is negative stimuli cause by an event or situation triggers any irrational belief (Ellis 2004). The B in the ABC model is beliefs that shape an individual emotions and behaviors (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 2004). In other word, an individual who experiences an activating event then forms a belief establish upon that activating event affecting their decision-making about their consequences and/or re fill to other stimuli (Ellis 2004). These Beliefs can either be youre rational or rational (Ellis 2004).The C in the ABC model stands for the consequences of the irrational beliefs (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 2004). There are emotional and behavioral consequences, either positive or negative, to a set of beliefs about the activating event (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 2004). Individuals that suffer from irrational beliefs about a given situation depart likely suffer from un brawny negative emotions (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 2004). Unhealthy negative emotions are extreme emotions that can manifest themselves in a variety of forms e. g. guilt, anxiety, andor depression (Ellis 2004).The extreme negative looks are so intense that the individual discomfit with these emotions often can non function normally (DiGiuseppe 1989 , Ellis 2004). Albert Ellis does not believe that unity should live a life free of negative emotions (Ellis 2004). Albert Ellis believed that healthy negative emotions were emotions that were relatively low in intensity (Ellis 2004). Albert Ellis believed that the healthy negative emotions experienced in a mentally healthy individual can modify behavior for the betterment of the individuals life (DiGiuseppe 1989, Ellis 2004).Albert Ellis later added the (D), (E), and (F) to his ABCs ofRational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (Ellis 2004). The D is disputing the irrational beliefs that the individual p ossesses about the activating event (Ellis 2004). The E or effect the person feels is only achieved when the individual or client successfully disputes the irrational belief and replaces the irrational belief with a rational belief (Ellis 2004). This will ultimately lead to a new effect in the persons behavior. The effect will then lead the individual to a healthier and happier way of feeling F (Ellis 2004).The application of the rational emotive behavioral therapys ABC model allows people to visualize how their reactions to events are formed (Ellis 2004). erstwhile an individual visualizes how irrational beliefs are formed and changes their behavior negatively therapy will, more than likely, be successful. The 4 steps of applying the ABC model Rational emotive behavioral therapy is an approach that makes the client participates in an active role in the therapy process. There are four steps in applying the ABC model.As the client Progresses through the four steps will work through an individuals irrational beliefs and use certain skills to combat any irrational beliefs that may arise after private counseling has ended (Ellis 2004). footfall one is to reveal the individuals or clients irrational beliefs in their current mode of thinking (Ellis 2004). In many cases the individuals of clients have had these irrational beliefs for so long that they cannot discover their irrational beliefs from normal rational beliefs (Ellis 2004).Also when the individual or the client has family and friends reinforcing their irrational beliefs, even though the irrational beliefs may not crepuscule into societal norms, only reinforces the idea that their irrational beliefs are rational or normal (Ellis 2004). The first step, basically, outlines the treatment plan and formulates a plan of action to dispute the irrational beliefs. Clients must be aware of their irrational and rational beliefs and strike out the differences between the two different beliefs.In step two the client or individual expands their understanding of what is irrational and what is rational (Ellis 2004). This step is similar to step one, but step two the therapy is more in-depth and intense. In step two the client or individual must be made aware of their irrational beliefs and how the individuals irrational beliefs are perpetuating their own ruction (Ellis 2004). If the client or individual continues to think unreasonable or irrational, they will repeat their irrational behavior and have continued unpleasant feeling that interrupt their normal way of life (Ellis 2004).In showing the individual or client the pattern of their irrational beliefs and the consequences their irrational beliefs impose on them is detrimental to the success of their treatment (Ellis 2004). Only when the client can distinguish the difference between rational beliefs and irrational beliefs, can realize that the negative problems they are having are in direct correlation with their irrational beliefs, and can s ee the pattern they follow when irrational beliefs are present (Ellis 2004). Step terce begins once the previous objectives have been met.In step three the individual or client will learn how to stop inconsequential or irrational beliefs and change the irrational and negative pattern into a new logical and rational mode of thinking and behaving (Ellis 2004). This is achieved when the individual ceases the negative self talk and stop the irrational beliefs from affecting their mode of thinking (Ellis 2004). Many individuals have their irrational beliefs so embedded in their mode of behaving and their mode thinking that the individual may not even be aware that their irrational beliefs are irrational (Ellis 2004).The client with help from their therapist will attempt to detect the irrational beliefs from the rational beliefs (Ellis 2004). In the fourthly and final step the client has identified their irrational beliefs (Ellis 2004). The client along with the help of the therapist, work to modify the clients negative way of thinking and identify and change the clients irrational beliefs into rational modes of thinking (Ellis 2004). The therapist works with the client until a new set of rational beliefs are fashioned (Ellis 2004).Once the irrational belief system is replaced by a more rational and logical belief system the client will notice negative feelings and negative behaviors change into a more positive feelings and positive behaviors (Ellis 2004). The rational emotive behavioral theapry techniques used by the therapist to dispute irrational beliefs can vary from client to client depending on the type of the client and modes of irrational thinking REBT Techniques Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy is a multimodal form of therapy (Ellis 2004).Some of the different techniques used in Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy include Disputing the clients irrational beliefs, changing the language of the client, and emotive techniques like role playing and ration al emotive stock list (Ellis 2004). These different techniques can be used to modify several types or irrational behaviors caused by irrational beliefs e. g. anxiety, depression, anger, and addictions (Ellis 2004). These techniques show the client how to refute their irrational beliefs in a precise and rapid method.Disputing the clients irrational beliefs technique is a technique that makes the client challenge their beliefs and modes of thinking (Ellis 2004). In this technique the therapist presents a series of questions such as why do you assume this? or Why must it be this way? When the client answers these questions the client start to realize that the way they are thinking is irrational (Ellis 2004). The language of the client technique disputes the shoulds and the oughts in the clients way of thinking (Ellis 2004). In most cases the language used by the client forms their irrational way of thinking (Ellis 2004).By changing the shoulds and the oughts into wishes, wants, and de sires may change the clients irrational beliefs (Ellis 2004). Example of Self-Application of REBT The techniques outlined by Albert Ellis shows how simplistic but meaningful Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) can be (Ellis 2004). Take for example when Albert Ellis gets impatient or angry about his various limitations (Ellis 2004). Albert Ellis says to himself Too damn bad I really do not like taking all this time and effort to deal with my impairments and wish to hell that I didnt have to do so. and alas, I do.It is hard doing so many things to keep myself in a relatively healthy condition, but it is much harder in the long cater and much more painful and deadly, if I do not keep doing this. There is no reason whatsoever why I abruptly must have it easier than I do. Yes it is unfair for me to be more afflicted than many other people are. But, damn it, I should be full as afflicted as I am Unfairness should pull round in the worldto me, and to whomever else it does exist because it does exist Too bad that it doesbut it does sic Albert Ellis lived a full and rich life filled with dissension and an outspoken attitude.Albert Ellis fought for gay and lesbian rights and the right to send uncensored or obscene mail through the Federal mail system. Albert Ellis was also one of the first individuals start their own private practice as a psychologist.