Wednesday, May 29, 2019
The Political Position of the Parliamentarians Essay example -- Histo
In order to ascertain the ways in which the novel Model Army (army) influenced the political position of the parliamentarians, this assignment will provide a brief summary describing the establishment of the army. In addition, as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms concerns events in England (with Wales), Scotland and Ireland, it is necessary to consider the armys significance in all three kingdoms. The events surrounding the immediate aftermath of the first civil war, the execution of instrument of Charles I, and the role of the Major-generals, will be explored, and primary sources will be used in order to support any key features regarding the armys impact.Anne Laurence and Rachel. C Gibbons (2007), state that the army was created in 1645, and combined variant existing units. The formation of the army was a direct consequence of the Self Denying Ordinance (1643). The function of the army was to provide parliament with a more passe-partout and effective force. With the exclusion of Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), there were no peers or MPs within the army, which meant that promotion was achieved by those who deserved it. The National army did not have the same(p) obligations that featured in the previous provincial forces, and had the first claim on funds from parliament.The Solemn League and Covenant (1643), a settlement from the alliance among Parliament and Scotland, created friction amongst Parliamentarians, and subsequently a division. The two factions that emerged were the Presbyterians and the Independents. Lawrence and Gibbons suggest that, the Presbyterians mainly approved of the alliance with Scotland, and the Independents opposed it. Unorthodox religious forms surfaced and were supported by the army. The leave out of censorship, and the ... .... However, there are limitations with it being a regional representation,and therefore, may not have been indicative on a national level.In summary, It can be seen that the army directed the political positi on of Parliamentarians in various ways, and on numerous occasions. They pushed forward strategies, imposed the will of authority, and were highly involved with the trial of the king. Charles Is execution meant that the Kingdom became a Commonwealth. Cromwells ventures in Spain demonstrate activity within foreign policy, which highlights the impact of the army was not just confined to the three kingdoms. It could be argued that parliament could not control its own army. After Cromwells death he nominated his son Richard as successor, who was military inexperienced. The monarchy was restored in 1660, when Charles II accepted the Presbyterian settlement.